Namibia, Swaziland, Tanzania, South
Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The Media Institute of Southern Africa
(MISA) is a regional non-governmental
organisation that advocates for media
freedom, freedom of expression and
the right to know in the service
of democracy, socio-economic and
launched in September 1992 when it
elected its first Regional Governing
Council in Windhoek, Namibia, MISA
was created by southern African media
practitioners to implement the 1991
Windhoek Declaration on Promoting
an Independent and Pluralistic African
Press, hence the decision to locate the
Regional Office in Windhoek. By June
1994, MISA had opened a Regional
Secretariat in Windhoek employing
three people. In 1996, it transformed
itself from a regional network of
activists into a regional NGO with
membership-based National Chapters.
Currently MISA has chapters offices in
11 SADC countries: Angola, Botswana,

MISA has since positioned itself as the
primary advocate for media freedom
and freedom of expression in southern
Africa. Each National Chapter enjoys
a national membership made up of
media practitioners, media institutions
and enterprises. The total regional
membership of MISA is currently
over 1 700 individuals and over 100
institutions. The MISA programs
have grown and now have a global
outreach especially through the media
violations monitoring program. MISA’s
work and agenda has also been taken
up by many civic organisations in the
region, thereby creating consciousness
of the linkages between media
freedom, freedom of expression and
broader human rights and democratic


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