The Kenya Broadcasting Corporation (KBC) Act was amended to reflect a balanced public
broadcaster. However, in reality the station still shows bias towards the government and
personalities connected to the system. Using the same medium, the Government Spokesman
provides weekly briefs based on what he deems appropriate for public consumption. Great
concern has been raised in the press over his refusal to release information to the public. This
has been described as “Zero- information- policy (Zip- policy)”.
The practice of reporting has generally improved. For example in conflict situations, there is
now little pinpointing of ethnic identities of those involved.
The law gives wide discretion to judges in deciding for example what innuendo is. The
precedence of hefty fines against media houses has serious implications for the freedom of
Individual scores:

1, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3

Average score:

2.3 (2005= 1.4)

1.4 Entry into and practice of the journalistic profession is legally unrestricted.

There are no legal restrictions. For a long time there were no educational and professional
requirements for journalists. Thus artists with low education rose to newscasters and
photographers. FM radio stations have continued this tradition. The stations, like other media
establishments do not invest in professionals.
There is no licencing of professionals for practice. At the same time it is recognized that
licencing would exclude external correspondents and specialists who add variety and
diversity to content.
The Media Council of Kenya is encouraging professionalism through self- regulation for
standards and training needs. The code of conduct and practice issued by the council aims at
assisting the media in carrying out duties by establishing ethical standards for journalists.
It is recognized that current trends in media diversity and segmentation engender competition
among media establishments, with compelling attention to professionalism for survival.
Individual scores:

5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5

Select target paragraph3