2.9.12. All information communication technology service providers are under a
legal obligation to gather data of their users and customers and to give access
to authorised persons to intercept and or survey communications. In fact their
equipment and technology is mandated by law to have capabilities for
interception in accordance with the Act;[24]
2.9.13. Authorised persons are permitted to issue disclosure notices to persons
reasonably suspected of having communications and or information liable to
interception and failure to disclose or give access to such information and or
communication attracts criminal liability punishable by a ZW$30,000.00 fine
and or imprisonment;[25]
2.9.14. Postal articles reasonably suspected to be capable of interception and or
surveillance are subject to the power of the Minister to issue detention order of
the postal articles;[26]
2.9.15. All persons who have access to information and or communications or postal
articles in terms of the Act are under a duty of confidentiality and not to disclose
to any other person other than in circumstances authorised by the Act;[27]
2.9.16. An unlawful disclosure of information, communication and or postal article
acquired in terms of the Act attracts criminal liability and is also punishable by
a ZW$30,000.00 fine and or five term of imprisonment;[28]
2.9.17. Material obtained in terms of the Act must be destroyed as soon as possible
after it has been used;[29]
2.9.18. Any person aggrieved by any exercise of power whether by way of warrant,
directive and or detention order in terms of the Act may appeal within one
month of the conduct complained against to the Administrative Court of
2.9.19. The Minister responsible for the Act has to report annually to the Attorney
General of Zimbabwe on the instances where the provisions of the Act have
been used;[31]
2.9.20. The Minister may make further regulations for the operation of the powers in
the Act;[32]
3. Comparative Legal Frameworks

Select target paragraph3