This document is based on country reports for Angola,
Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique,
Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The country
reports were commissioned by MISA Zimbabwe on
behalf of MISA Regional.
March 2021

EDITORIAL COMMITTEE: Catherine Anite, Nashilongo
Gervasius-Nakale and Izak Minnaar

CONTRIBUTORS: Nompilo Simanje, Belinda Ndlovu,
Delta Milayo Ndou, Amanda Manyame, Joel Konopo,
Simbarashe Nembaware, Sechaba Mokhethi, Aubrey
Chikungwa, Ernesto C Nhanale, Philip Santos,
Sengiyumva Gasirigwa, Thomas Zulu, Nyasha

UNESCO, the Swedish Embassy, Fojo Media Institute
and International Media Support (Fojo-IMS) are pleased
to support the Southern Africa Press Freedom Report
2020 with limited financial assistance. However, since
this report has been independently developed by MISA
Zimbabwe, therefore, UNESCO, the Swedish Embassy
and Fojo-IMS have no influence over the content.
The authors will be responsible for the choice and the
presentation of the facts contained in the paper and for the
opinions expressed therein, which will not be necessarily
those of UNESCO, the Swedish Embassy and Fojo-IMS
and do not commit the Organisation. The designations
employed and the presentation of the material will not
imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the
part of UNESCO, the Swedish Embassy and Fojo-IMS
concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city
or area, or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation
of its frontiers and boundaries.
CC-BY-SA licence
Open Access is not applicable to MISA Zimbabwe
copyright photos in this publication.
COVER PHOTO: Photojournalist Ruvimbo Muchenje
gets into the back of a police pick-up truck over a face
mask offence in April 2020.
IMAGES: With special thanks to Idah Mhetu, Namibia
Media Trust, Joel Konopo, Shepherd Tozvireva, CPJ,
Independent News, Canal De Mozambique, The
Economist and Lusaka Times for the use of images
throughout the report. The pictures are accessed under
a Creative Commons Licence and are acknowledged
as such through this report.

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