iv SOUTHERN AFRICA PRESS FREEDOM REPORT 2019-2020 This document is based on country reports for Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The country reports were commissioned by MISA Zimbabwe on behalf of MISA Regional. March 2021 EDITORIAL COMMITTEE: Catherine Anite, Nashilongo Gervasius-Nakale and Izak Minnaar CONTRIBUTORS: Nompilo Simanje, Belinda Ndlovu, Delta Milayo Ndou, Amanda Manyame, Joel Konopo, Simbarashe Nembaware, Sechaba Mokhethi, Aubrey Chikungwa, Ernesto C Nhanale, Philip Santos, Sengiyumva Gasirigwa, Thomas Zulu, Nyasha Nyakunhu UNESCO, the Swedish Embassy, Fojo Media Institute and International Media Support (Fojo-IMS) are pleased to support the Southern Africa Press Freedom Report 2020 with limited financial assistance. However, since this report has been independently developed by MISA Zimbabwe, therefore, UNESCO, the Swedish Embassy and Fojo-IMS have no influence over the content. The authors will be responsible for the choice and the presentation of the facts contained in the paper and for the opinions expressed therein, which will not be necessarily those of UNESCO, the Swedish Embassy and Fojo-IMS and do not commit the Organisation. The designations employed and the presentation of the material will not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO, the Swedish Embassy and Fojo-IMS concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries. CC-BY-SA licence Open Access is not applicable to MISA Zimbabwe copyright photos in this publication. COVER PHOTO: Photojournalist Ruvimbo Muchenje gets into the back of a police pick-up truck over a face mask offence in April 2020. CREDIT: IDAH MHETU IMAGES: With special thanks to Idah Mhetu, Namibia Media Trust, Joel Konopo, Shepherd Tozvireva, CPJ, Independent News, Canal De Mozambique, The Economist and Lusaka Times for the use of images throughout the report. The pictures are accessed under a Creative Commons Licence and are acknowledged as such through this report.