tom of the pyramid is hate speech that disseminates,
propagates, or spreads hostility (and these are deemed
to be different from those that vilify or glorify because
they really can be just mere avenues of dissemination as
opposed to an intent to condemn or to celebrate acts or
To avoid doubt, the States shall ensure that they do not
use criminal law procedures to request intermediaries
to take down defamatory statements or public criticism
directed at politicians. Although intermediaries should
remove defamatory content through civil procedural
routes, defamation should not be criminal.
Further, because they rely on digital technologies to
inform the public or to form opinions, journalists and
bloggers are to be protected against abuse or intimidation. Journalists and bloggers should not be regularly
prosecuted, jailed, or fined for libel.

In meeting the above obligations, States shall: —
Rely on the existing cyber security and crime laws to set
up multidisciplinary cybersecurity response teams and
implement cybersecurity response strategies and plans
to respond to old and emerging cybersecurity threats
such as cybercrime and terrorism and distinguishing
matters in the dual use of AI in the realm of security, defence, and critical national infrastructure.
States shall not: —

States must respect, promote, and protect the right to
privacy of their citizens and can only use existing criminal and national security laws to limit the request in
response to legitimate national security considerations
and the necessities of law enforcement — in well-defined cases and under specific circumstances.

use national security concerns as a blanket justification to excuse unwarranted privacy breaches, for example, unjustifiably increasing their legal and technical
capabilities to closely monitor citizens and introducing
measures that enable the collection of personal data
through surveillance alongside invasive data retention

They can only justify the breaches of the right to privacy
when necessary to achieve a legitimate aim prescribed
by the law and proportionate to the purpose pursued.

Unjustifiably collect and store vast amounts of
personal and intimate information about an individual
or group’s past or future actions. States should not subject journalists, lawyers, human rights defenders, and
political activists to arbitrary and unlawful surveillance,
either because they are being actively singled out for
monitoring or simply because the Internet, often their
primary means of communication, is subject to extensive monitoring.

When considering whether interference is justified,
states shall assess the interference not only in the privacy of family, home, and correspondence but also, in
certain circumstances, citizens’ honour and reputation.

Perpetuate intentional suppression of legitimate dissent, curtailment of the right to free speech,
and restriction of other citizens’ right to access information.

Select target paragraph3