Angolan and Portuguese citizens. His
name now appears at Number 24 on the
party list.
Also telling, is the initial appearance for
the first time on the party’s electoral list
of two of Dos Santos’s lesser known children, José Filomeno ‘Zenu’ Dos Santos
and Welwistchia ‘Tchizé’ dos Santos.
However, as more information on the
composition of the list emerged, Filomeno Dos Santos’s name was no longer on
the list. Filomeno Dos Santos has been
head of FSDEA, Angola’s sovereign fund
since 2013. The first lady, Ana Paula
dos Santos, is on the list, at Number 17.
Meanwhile, in April Dos Santos fired the
entire board of the state oil company,
Sonangol, then appointed his daughter
Isabel dos Santos as chief executive of
the company, a move that was widely
criticised by Angolan society.
However, two ‘small details’ that seem
to have escaped most observers is that
what has been communicated to the
media is that Dos Santos will “retire
from active political life”, with no clarity
on what that would mean in real terms;
and the fact that until December it was
reported by a number of reliable sources
that Dos Santos was still on the party’s
election list, occupying the 3rd position,
behind heir apparent, João Lourenço
and Bornito de Sousa, touted for the
position of vice-president. By contrast,
what has been widely commented on,
is the fact that on the various occasions
when Dos Santos has spoken throughout this process, not once has he said
a word about his departure, nor about
João Lourenço replacing him. Not to be
omitted from any scenario though, ifsthe fact that the 74-year-old president’s
health will also be a factor in his decision to retire from public life.
Elections scheduled for August will be
under the indirect control of the Num-

ber 2 on the list, Bornito de Sousa, as
present Minister of Territorial Administration, which is the ministry responsible for the National Electoral Commission. Opposition parties have voiced
their objection, asking for his removal.
Queried about the independence of the
electoral body and his personal conflict
of interests, Bornito de Sousa said that
constitutionally and legally there was no
incompatibility. He assured that the process was transparent enough, without
any human intervention.

Panama Papers
The Angolan Sovereign Fund was
caught in the fine mesh of the worldwide investigations that followed the
revelations contained in the information
leak known as the Panama Papers. The
International Consortium of Investigative Journalists linked FSDEA to a number of key figures in Angola, Germany,
Switzerland and Russia, all mentioned
in the Panama Papers. Investigations uncovered a link between an American oil
company and several powerful politicians in Angola. According to the leaked
documents, approximately fifteen shell
companies funnelled money through
UBS bank accounts. Oil Minister Botelho de Vasconcelos was cited in the papers, but human rights campaigner and
journalist Rafael Marques believes that
there are more, “including Vice President Manuel Vicente”. In March, FSDEA
said in an internal report that USD 486
million had disappeared from the fund,
an amount roughly equivalent to 10%
of its capital. However, this information
was made public only in September.
A number of investigative reports have
linked the Fund to shady deals involving companies linked to FSDEA head
Filomeno Dos Santos and associates,
chief among these, Banco Kwanza Invest, founded by Filomeno Dos Santos
himself. FSDEA denied any wrongdoing

So This is Democracy? 2016


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